When the urine changes colors in any way, this can be a symptom of a wide range of unique conditions, such as iron deficiency. Hematuria is not a condition of its own, but it describes the symptom of blood in urine.
Your doctor will work with you to determine what is causing hematuria, so that it can be corrected.
The causes for blood being in your urine can range from mild to serious. While it's possible that the presence of blood indicates that you're suffering from a severe underlying health issue, most instances of hematuria will dissipate on their own. Since hematuria can be a sign of a serious health problem, it's highly recommended that you have this condition checked out to eliminate that possibility.
It's important to understand that red or dark urine doesn't always mean that there's blood in the urine. It's possible that the food that you've recently eaten has caused your urine to change colors for a day or so. A change in color can also be caused by taking specific medications like laxatives or aspirin. If this is the case, it's likely that your urine will change back to its original color after you stop taking the medication.
High amounts of strenuous exercise can also cause your blood to have urine in it. While these causes are fairly benign, it's possible for the cause to be a more severe condition. Numerous conditions in the kidneys, prostate, and urinary tract can lead to the development of hematuria. The same is true of certain types of cancer.
When blood has entered into your urine, the color of this urine can appear as orange, dark brown, pink, or red. Even small amounts of blood in the urine can be detected with the administration of a urinalysis, even if it’s not visible to the eye. The presence of discolored urine may be the only symptom you experience, which largely depends on which condition is causing the hematuria. Other associated symptoms that can occur include swelling and pain.
Since hematuria is a symptom of an underlying condition, the actual cause of the blood in your urine will need to be identified before a proper treatment can be recommended. You'll likely undergo a physical exam as well as an ultrasound or CT scan. A biopsy could also be taken of your kidney or bladder to determine the cause. In the event that a cause is found, medication is usually the first aspect of treatment before more invasive procedures are recommended.