Urethral diverticulum occurs when a sac or pocket forms within the urethra. This defect is much more common among women than men and typically occurs in women between the ages of 40 to 70. It’s also possible for the condition to affect younger children. However, this is exceedingly rare.
The cause of urethral diverticulum is not known. It’s believed that some factors can heighten your risk of developing this condition in the urethra. These factors include:
Knowing what these factors are may be able to help you and your doctor determine that you’re suffering from urethral diverticulum. Since the symptoms relating to this condition can surface in other urological conditions, determining whether or not these factors apply to you may help you rule out other possibilities.
It’s possible that you won’t experience any symptoms when you’re suffering from this condition, if it’s mild. The symptoms that a patient experiences can be varied. The most common symptoms that occur with urethral diverticulum include:
You might also notice a tender spot around the front portion of your vaginal wall.
In order for urethral diverticulum to be properly diagnosed so that treatment can begin, you’ll likely need an MRI scan, which should help to identify the placement and size of the sac. A cystoscope can also be used as a means of seeing into the urethra.
The main treatment options used for this condition are surgical treatments, of which there are three varieties. These surgeries include a surgical excision, the placement of a transurethral incision, and marsupialization, the first of which is largely considered to be the most effective solution. Your urologist will be able to provide you with a recommendation about which surgery is best for you.